Mandy has summarised the lecture so here are a few more details about some of the composers mentioned.
Edgard Varèse (1883 – 1965)
He was very influential and a leading pioneer of electronic music.
'Poeme électronique' (1957-8) was composed for the Philips Pavilion at the Universal Exposition. Loudspeakers were placed throughout a walk-through installation. Some sounds were recorded, whilst others were from electronic instruments.
Anton Webern (1883 – 1945)
Austrian composer and conductor
'Concerto for 9 Instruments' (1943)
Twelve-tone method – serialism.
Pierre Boulez (born 1925)
French composer and conductor
Student of Olivier Messiaen
History is Dead
Wanted to remove all repetition. Thought music traditions were irrelevant to the new language.
To be continued ...